Useful French Expressions and Words

Useful French Expressions and Words

Last updated on September 14th, 2017

Know that English will be close to useless in France. In Paris, in touristy areas, there may be a few English speakers. Once, we saw a Japanese-French phrase book with some pictures and drawings. Try something similar for English to French. Here we provide our very own Parisian French idiomatic expressions and phrases you won’t find in most learned phrase books. Our objective is to make you sound like a true born and bred in Paris in no time. A few cultural pointers will prove handy. You will be able to look and sound the part for at least the first few seconds of the conversation.

 

Verlan (Wardsback)

A l’envers (backwards) becomes verlan (wardsback). Born in the banlieue and the cités (the low income housing ghettos surrounding Paris), verlan consists of inversion of syllables. Verging on slang, it can be used with relative ease and is not considered particularly rude.

We can assure you that even advance French learners textbooks won’t give you the phrases and idioms we provide here. The mainstream guidebooks don’t usually discuss verlan, but no doubt they will eventually cut and paste from our pages.

In Paris, verlan is a must if you want to look the part. Incidentally, you won’t understand what people jibe if you don’t know the basic verlan expressions.

Start easy by peppering your conversation with relou (heavy, annoying) and complaining profusely. Talk about going to a teuf (party). If you want to play it cool, keep on uttering laisse béton (forget it) with a jaded look. In no time, you will start forming complex sentences such as: C’est mega relou, j’suis trop véner, mais laisse béton (it’s mega annoying, I be annoyed, but forget it…)

 

Basic French

Bonjour – Good day (greetings)

Au revoir – Goodbye

Oui – Yes

No – Non

Merci – Thank you

Moi – Yes

Vous – You (polite)

Toi – You (familiar)

Où est… – Where is…

 

French Civilities

Je ne suis pas du cru – I am not of this wine year (not from around here)

Ca va? – How goes?

Ca va… – It goes…

Monsieur – Sir/Mister

Madame – Madame

Mademoiselle – Miss

 

French Chit Chat

Pas mal – Not bad

Vachement – Extremely (+adjective)

Super cool – Super cool

Cher – Expensive

Pas cher – Cheap

Goûtu – Delicious (for food)

 

French Verlan

Moeuf – chick

Koeuf – cop

Véner – annoyed

Relou- annoying/heavy

Ouf- crazy

Teuf – party

 

L’Amour

Toi et moi – you and me

T’es mignon – To show appreciation for a man

T’as de beaux yeux – You have pretty eyes (old fashion pick-up line)

C’est l’amour – This is love!

Je t’aime – I love you!

 

French idioms to express discontent

Nobody complains as much as French people. True but Parisians are the whiniest among Frenchmen. We like to express our discontent given any opportunity, this is assuredly at the heart of true Paris culture. Do not hesitate to make a fuss and bicker if service is inadequate, or simply if you feel like nitpicking.

Caca – pooh (milder form of merde, also the little gifts left by Parisian dogs)

Merde – s****

Putain, chier! – whore, s***

Merde in France – merde in France (this is a famous French song)

 

Other useful French expressions

Au secours – Help!

C’est la vie – That’s life!

Téléphone maison – Phone home